In18 percent of all American workers were under the age of Today, the amendment is technically still-pending and has been ratified by a total of twenty-eight states, requiring the ratification of ten more for its incorporation into the Constitution.
Young miners sat on boards in cramped positions, breathing heavy dust, sifting through coal. While the Gilded Age was an era of prosperity for many Americans, economic depressions brought hard times to many businesses and made sporadic employment a reality for the working class.
Some children worked 6 days a week for 10 to 12 hours each day. Economic Instability The industrial plants that survived became more demanding in terms of both the speed and the regularity with which their workers produced goods.
Seafood workers stood for hours shucking oysters at five cents a pail. When asked about his work on the subject Hine simply stated that he "wanted to show things that had to be corrected. In Congress passed the Child Labor Amendment with a vote of to 69 with 64 abstaining in the house and 61 to 23 12 abstaining in the senate.
Years before, when John Spargo found about the severity of Child Labor he stepped in and began taking action. Millions of children worked in factories, stores, fields, mills, and mines in the United States during the early s. Those working included children as young as three.
Many families relied on income earned by each family member and did not allow children to attend school at all. Effectiveness in enforcement varies from state to state.
Addams knew she wanted to do something different.
Roosevelt signed the bill into law; the FLSA remains the primary federal child labor law to this day. He prepared a number of the reports and took some of the most powerful images in the history of documentary photography.
Despite these activities, success depended heavily on the political climate in the nation as well as developments that reduced the need or desirability of child labor. Employers sometimes helped to write the nominally reformist legislation and made sure that the government regulatory boards were staffed with "people favorable to their interests.
These laws had many loopholes, however, and were in place in only some states where they were laxly enforced.Child labor began to decline as the labor and reform movements grew and labor standards in general began improving, increasing the political power of working people and other social reformers to demand legislation regulating child labor.
The Problem of Child Labor in the Progressive Era. Resource ID: USHM1L3. Grade Range: 9– Sections. Poem Activity. Description of Child Labor. Images of Child Labor. Timeline Activity. Child Labor Data Activity. Print; Share The Problem of Child Labor in the Progressive Era.
Resource ID: USHM1L3. Grade Range: 9–. Child Labor Reform Concern for the conditions of the poor gave way to a growing interest in the rights of the working class. One of the most persistent causes of Progressive Era reformers was child labor reform. Labor in Progressive Era Politics. BACK; NEXT ; The Industrial Backbone.
The Progressive Era was a difficult time to be a worker. While Progressives did try to make working conditions better for laborers, their efforts only yielded mixed results. The National Child Labor Committee, or NCLC, was a private, non-profit organization in the United States that served as a leading proponent for the national child labor reform movement.
Its mission was to promote "the rights, awareness, dignity, well-being and education of children and youth as they relate to work and working.". Watch video · Many laws restricting child labor were passed as part of the progressive reform movement of this period.
But the gaps that remained, particularly in the southern states, led to a decision to work for a federal child labor law.Download