Geographic features nile river sahara desert

Sahara desert facts and information

Agriculture is a key component of the economy in rural areas, though some people are employed in the tourist industry or other non-farm occupations.

The Upper Nile is divided into three tributaries: According to historical accounts from the first century AD, seven branches of the Nile once ran through the delta. Toubkal in western Morocco at 13, ft. Over a hundred years and more, all Carthaginian territory was eventually conquered by the Romans, resulting in the Carthaginian North African territories becoming the Roman province of Africa in B.

Regional deserts include the Libyan, Nubian and the Western desert of Egypt, just to the west of the Nile. Plants are also sparse due to lack of water but do grow near oasis and reservoirs.

After the 19th century, the imperial and colonial presence of Francethe United KingdomSpain and Italy left the entirety of the region under one form of European occupation. Limited agricultural production, the presence of some natural resources, and permanent settlements are found in the other six depressions, all of which have fresh water provided by the Nile or by local groundwater.

Some Phoenician and Greek colonies were established along the Mediterranean coast during the 7th century BC. Without the topographic channel that permits the Nile to flow across the SaharaEgypt would be entirely desert. The most notable nations of antiquity in western North Africa are Carthage and Numidia.

This immense desert to the west of the Nile spans the area from the Mediterranean Sea southwards to the Sudanese border. The highest peak is at 3, meters Mount Tahat.

What Are the Physical Features of the Nile River?

The desert environment extends all the way to the Red Sea coast. The Numidian wars are notable for launching the careers of both Gaius Mariusand Sullaand stretching the constitutional burden of the Roman republic, as Marius required a professional army, something previously contrary to Roman values to overcome the talented military leader Jugurtha.

The highest peak is Mt. These colours reflect the fact that the desert sands have a reddish hue and the land around the Nile turned black when the annual flood waters receded.

In the north, near the coast, the Nile delta embraces a series of salt marshes and lakesthe most notable among which are IdkuAl Burullusand Manzilah. From the Atlantic coast eastward, the Namib gradually ascends in elevation, reaching up to km mi inland to the foot of the Great Escarpment.

For centuries Egyptians attempted to predict and take advantage of these flows and thereby moderate the severity of floods. They are located about 1, km mi south of the capital, Algiers and just west of Tamanghasset.

Many of these creatures will only be apparent from their tracks and trails or from a fleeting glimpse of a diminutive gerbil, or zig-zigging hare, in the car headlights at night.

Geography of Egypt

The dunes take varied forms and can be star, crescent or dome shaped. The two lands were united in B. Moving northward, the elevation of this limestone plateau decreases. Over thousands of years, the Nile River evolved into its present shape, surrounded by the Eastern and Western deserts.

The northern third of Sinai is a flat, sandy coastal plain, which extends from the Suez Canal into the Gaza Strip and Israel. The fertility and productivity of the land adjacent to the Nile depends largely on the silt deposited by floodwaters. Herodotus and Alexander the Great were among the many illustrious people who visited the temple in the pre-Christian era.

Escarpments ridges and deep depressions basins exist in several parts of the Western Desert, and no rivers or streams drain into or out of the area. The Nile delta consists of flat, low-lying areas. The Red Sea may have been named after these mountains, which are red. The focus of Roman energy had to be on the emerging threat of the Huns.

A few small mountain ranges are situated here including the Karas and the Huns. The Ethiopian Highlands are a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, Eritrea which is sometimes referred to as the Eritrean Highlandsand northern Somalia in the Horn of Africa. Since then, nature and man have closed all but two main outlets: What kind of animals live in the Sahara desert?

Sahara desert facts and information Geography yrs Interactive 1 Where is the Sahara desert located? The Siwah Oasis, close to the Libyan border and west of Qattara, is isolated from the rest of Egypt but has sustained life since ancient times.

Most of the streams and rivers in Sahara are seasonal. Egypt has the most varied industrial base, importing technology to develop electronics and engineering industries, and maintaining the reputation of its high-quality cotton textiles.

The Eastern Desert is relatively mountainous.The Sahara Desert is the most expansive, hot and largest desert on Earth.

It is located in Northern Africa nestled between the Mediterranean Sea in the North, the Atlantic Ocean in the West and the Red Sea in the East. The Nile River mostly has positive features because it can easily be used for trading. And the Sahara Desert has more negative features because it is expanding in size and therefore it makes cultural diffusion hard to come by.

Without the topographic channel that permits the Nile to flow across the Sahara, Egypt would be entirely desert. The length within Egypt of the River Nile in its northwards course from three central African sources – the White Nile, the Blue Nile, and the Atbara – totals some 1, km.

The White Nile, which begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda, supplies. Explore the Nile River. Search this site. Welcome to Ms.

Ouellette's Virtual Field Trip of the Nile River. Characteristics and Geographical Features of the Nile River West of the Nile is the Sahara Desert, the largest desert in the world. East of the Nile is the Eastern Desert.

Africa Geography

North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. The Nile River ecosystem dominates the eastern part of the Sahara Desert, for instance.

The Nile provides the most reliable, plentiful source of freshwater in the region. Between andthe government of Egypt constructed a massive dam on the Upper Nile (the southern part of the river, near Egypt’s border with Sudan).

Download
Geographic features nile river sahara desert
Rated 4/5 based on 31 review