Some clans were originally formed by farmers who had taken up arms to protect themselves from the imperial magistrates sent to govern their lands and collect taxes. These clans formed alliances to protect themselves against more powerful clans, and by the mid-Heian period they had adopted characteristic Japanese armor and weapons, and laid the foundations of Bushido, their ethical code.
These soldiers were required to supply their own weapons, and in return were exempted from duties and taxes. Zen Buddhismintroduced into Japan from China around this time, held a great appeal for many samurai.
Emerging victorious, Taira no Kiyomori became an imperial advisor, the first warrior to attain such a position, and eventually seized control of the central government, establishing the first samurai-dominated government and relegating the emperor to figurehead status. The war ended when one of the most famous samurai heroes in Japanese history, Minamoto Yoshitsune, led his clan to victory against the Taira near the village of Dan-no-ura.
In a peaceful Japan, many samurai were forced to become bureaucrats or take up some type of trade, even as they preserved their conception of themselves as fighting men.
Small numbers would accompany tax collectors and, merely by their presence, deter thieves and bandits from attacking. As the threat of robbery rose, the clans began recruiting these exiles in the Kanto plains.
The Gempei War pitted two of these great clans—the dominant Taira and the Minamoto—against each other in a struggle for control of the Japanese state. Bushido in Modern Japan In the wake of the Meiji Restoration, Shinto was made the state religion of Japan unlike Confucianism, Buddhism and Christianityit was wholly Japanese and bushido was adopted as its ruling moral code.
Rather, these ideals were vigorously pursued in the upper echelons of warrior society and recommended as the proper form of the Japanese man of arms. The new Japanese national army quashed several samurai rebellions during the s, while some disgruntled samurai joined secret, ultra-nationalist societies, among them the notorious Black Dragon Society, whose object was to incite trouble in China so that the Japanese army would have an excuse to invade and preserve order.
Their involvement in the Hogen Rebellion in the late Heian period consolidated their power, and finally pitted the rival Minamoto and the Taira clans against each other, in the Heiji Rebellion of Also during the Kamakura period, the sword came to have a great significance in samurai culture.
As the threat of robbery rose, the clans began recruiting these exiles in the Kanto plains. This period ushered in a year-long stretch of peace and prosperity in Japan, and for the first time the samurai took on the responsibility of governing through civil means rather than through military force.
Although these warriors may have been educated, at this time 7th to 9th century the Imperial court officials considered them to be little more than barbarians.
The Ashikaga Shogunate, centered in Kyoto, began around However, the Taira clan was still very conservative in comparison with its eventual successor, the Minamoto, The material well-being of many samurai actually declined during the Tokugawa Shogunate, however.
Because of their intense training in the martial arts, they proved to be effective guards.
Perry of the U. Though originally sent to provincial areas for a fixed four year term as a magistrate, the toryo declined to return to the capital when their terms ended, and their sons inherited their positions and continued to lead the clans in putting down rebellions throughout Japan during the middle and later Heian period.
This relatively conservative faith, with its emphasis on loyalty and duty, eclipsed Buddhism during the Tokugawa period as the dominant religion of the samurai. It was former samurai who put Japan on the road to what it would become, and many would become leaders in all areas of modern Japanese society.
This edict introduced Chinese cultural practices and administrative techniques throughout the Japanese aristocracy and bureaucracy. Feudalism was officially abolished in ; five years later, the wearing of swords was forbidden to anyone except members of the national armed forces, and all samurai stipends were converted into government bonds, often at significant financial loss.
Whilst the origins of modern samurai are contentious, it is believed that mounted warriors, archers and foot-soldiers in the sixth century may have formed a proto-samurai. Because of their rising military and economic power, the clans ultimately became a new force in the politics of the court.
Despite the political unrest, this period—known as the Muromachi after the district of that name in Kyoto—saw considerable economic expansion in Japan. With an understanding of how the population was distributed, Emperor Mommu introduced the law whereby 1 in adult males were drafted into the national military.
To amass wealth and repay their debts, magistrates often imposed heavy taxes, resulting in many farmers becoming landless. Tadanori was a great general, pre-eminent in the arts of both sword and poetry.During this time and throughout history, the samurai or bushi played an integral part in Japanese everyday life.
As time progressed, we notice that many of them worked for the government and others worked and plotted against it. In a sense the samurai brought about The Last Samurai Essay The Last Samuri.
Individualism in Samurai Culture and History Essay - The principle of individualism was essential to the shaping of the samurai history and culture. The beliefs of self reliance and personal dependence were evident throughout samurai life.
Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. Samurai. Samurai Samurai (&#;, Samurai? or, more rarely, &#;) was a term for the military nobility in pre-industrial Japan/5(1). LEGACY OF THE SAMURAI _The characteristics, philosophy,_ _and history of the samurai._ For seven centuries, the samurai ruled Japan as the powerful warrior class.
As a class of warriors and knights, they led society in feudal Japan. The loyalty to his lord was much more important than his allegiance to his friends, family and even the emperor. Essay on History of Samurai Words | 12 Pages History of Samurai The Japanese warrior, known as the samurai, has played a significant role in Japan's history and culture throughout the centuries.
History of Samurai - History of Samurai The Japanese warrior, known as the samurai, has played a significant role in Japan's history and culture throughout the centuries.
Their ancestors can be traced back to as far as can be remembered. Some stories have become mysterious legends handed down over the centuries.Download