In the first place the Red Army learned a great deal from German practice and from their own mistakes. There was enough food in the end to ensure a square meal for every Soviet soldier; most of the Soviet rail network was supplied with locomotives, wagons and rails made in the USA; one million miles of telephone wire, 14 million pairs of boots,trucks, all helped to keep the Red Army fighting with growing efficiency.
The success of air power in Europe persuaded the American military leaders to try to end the war with Japan the same way. Until the summer of Stalin and the Party closely controlled the Red Army. Yet its effect was to distort German strategy and economic capability decisively between and This situation seemed beyond remedy.
This still leaves open the question of German miscalculation. Not until the later stages of the war did Stalin begin to reimpose control, when victory was at last in sight.
The Allies had to mobilise and utilise their large resources effectively on the battlefield and in the air. First, Soviet industry and workforce proved remarkable adaptable for a command economy long regarded as inherently inefficient and inflexible.
After a decade of recession the manufacturing community had a good deal of spare, unemployed capacity to absorb unlike Germany, where full employment was reached well before the outbreak of war, and gains in output could only really come from improvements in productivity.
This was achieved in three distinct ways. Here, too, the American government and public was keen to avoid further heavy casualties. Their defeat, costly though it was, became irresistible. Third, bombing forced Hitler and the German leadership to think of radical ways to combat the threat it posed.
The pre-war experience of economic planning and mobilisation helped the regime to run a war economy on an emergency basis, while the vast exodus of workers an estimated 16 million and factories more than 2, major plants from in front of the advancing Germans allowed the USSR to reconstruct its armaments economy in central and eastern Russia with great rapidity.
Though for decades Soviet historians played down the role of American and British Lend-Lease aid, its real significance has now been acknowledged. City raids from May destroyed a vast area of urban Japan and paved the way for a surrender, completed with the dropping of the two atomic bombs in August Political commissars worked directly alongside senior officers and reported straight back to the Kremlin.
The evidence of how poorly the Red Army fought in confirmed these expectations.
From a flow of food and raw materials and engineering equipment sustained the Soviet war effort. Given the freedom to work out their own salvation, the Soviet General Staff demonstrated that they could match the Germans on the battlefield.
The American economy was a peacetime economy, apparently unprepared for the colossal demands of total war. Military arrogance and political hubris put Germany on the path to a war she could have won only if these expectations had proved true.
The Soviet system was all but shattered intwo-thirds of its heavy industrial capacity captured and its vast air and tank armies destroyed. The use of bombers and fighter-bombers at the frontline helped to ease the path of inexperienced armies that threatened to get bogged down in Normandy and Italy.
Even with these vast resources to hand, however, it took American forces considerable time before they could fight on equal terms More than five million Soviet soldiers were captured or killed in six months; they fought with astonishing bravery, but at every level of combat were out-classed by troops that were better armed, better trained and better led.
Soviet resistance was in some ways the most surprising outcome. Two other changes proved vital to allow the army to profit from the reform of operational practice. Stalin came to realise that political control was a dead hand on the army and cut it back sharply in the autumn of At the centre of the strategy was a commitment to strategic bombing, the long- range and independent assault on the economic and military infrastructure of the enemy state.
He picked out three factors that he thought were critical: Yet without Soviet resistance and reform, American rearmament and economic mobilisation, and western air power, the ability of the three major allies to wear down German and Japanese resistance would have been highly questionable.
It played an important part in sustaining domestic morale in Britain and the USA, while its effects on German society produced social disruption on a vast scale by late 8 million Germans had fled from the cities to the safer villages and townships.
The air and tank armies were reorganised to mimic the German Panzer divisions and air fleets; communication and intelligence were vastly improved helped by a huge supply of American and British telephone equipment and cable ; training for officers and men was designed to encourage greater initiative; and the technology available was hastily modernised to match German.
This was achieved through direct destruction, the interruption of raw material, transport and energy supplies on a large scale, and the forced dispersal of German industry away from the most threatened centres.
British forces were close to defeat everywhere in He created a deputy supreme commander under him, the talented Marshal Zhukov, and began to step back more from the day-to- day conduct of the war.The Allies secured victory in World War II when Germany was overwhelmed by the strength of the Soviet Red Army, aid from the United States and the strategy of the United States Air Force.
The war ended with the surrender of Germany on May 7, The Soviet Red Army improved their training regimen. Feb 17, · World War Two: How the Allies Won.
Why the Allies Won by Richard Overy (Pimlico Press, ) Dan Snow asks why so many soldiers survived the trenches in WW1. We will write a custom essay sample on Why did the US enter WW1 specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now Americas entry into war helped the Allies win but also came with great economic benefits to the United States.
How to cite this page. Choose cite format. Why The Allies Won The Second World War History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, This essay concerns itself with why and how the allies won the Second World War.
Joachim von Ribbentrop, the Foreign Minister of Germany from untilwrote a memoir exploring the reasons for Germany's defeat prior to his. Sep 03, · The allies did not so much win WWI as the Germans gave up the fight due to economic problems at home and societal unrest.
The German generals always blamed the politicians and Jews for giving up the will to Status: Resolved. Why Did Germany Lose The First World War History Essay. Print Reference this. Published If these factors had not been present it could have been possible for Germany and its' allies to win the Great War.
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